Substitute, did nothing.
Military Revolt (Decembrist) initiated by Northern Society
-Led by Muriev - favored abolition of serfdom, each ex-serf gets 5 acres, rest of land goes to nobles. Liberal Monarchy, loose confederation of states.
-Led by Pestel - favored the establishment of republic, universal suffrage, abolition of serfdom, division of land, none to nobility. Also wanted assassination of Royal Family, but wanted strong central government as well. Recommended an initial period of dictatorship.
This revolt was crushed easily.
1. This was the "first great blow against aristocracy" (a complete myth, there was no "blow"...)
2. Stimulated Rules to be more repressive (?-probably something else, he was going fast today.)
3. Nicholas became repressive.
4. Decembrist stimulated development of intelligence.
Nicholas I (1825-1855)
Domestic Policy - Recognized need for reforms but was VERY careful to discuss reforms in secret and implement them in pieces at a time, as to avoid "waking" the reform hungry people and cause another revolt.
Speranski - headed commission that suggested reforms.
Reforms that were attempted:
1. Codefication of Russian laws, from 1649 -> present.
Published digest, 45 volumes of all laws. Thinned down to 15 vol. currently applicable.
2. School of Jurisprudence.
3. Economic Reforms-tied paper ruple amount to silver ruple.
4. Reforms for peasants owned by state. Allowed:
- Self Government
- Village Schools
- Public Health Facilities
- Agricultural Services (I might have heard wrong... -.-)
- Taxation based on land ownership/productivity
5. Nobility reforms (2 types of nobility now, through hereditary and Table of Ranks)
- Made it harder to become Noble through Table of Ranks
- Raised requirements for voting
- Limited Noble Rights of buying/selling serfs
::hugs Lady:: feel better soon, 'kay?